As you are no doubt aware I am currently cited as possibly being in breach of the Tasmanian Anti-Discrimination Act. The topic for my talk was decided upon some months ago and I will not be making any specific reference to the current complaint against me in this talk this evening.
Growing Anti-Christian Sentiment
The Christian church is entering a new era in its history in Australia. It is entering an era where it is no longer seen as a respected presence in the society, but is viewed by many as an obstacle to the wellbeing of society. The Christian church is currently being forced more and more to retire within its own walls. There is a growing anti-Christian sentiment where the Christian churches are regarded as being out of touch with the realities of contemporary life, wedded to some bygone era.
The dominant view now is that humanity can and ought to finally throw off the remaining vestiges of the Christian religion and be liberated from its oppressive morality. With this humanity can finally realise its true destiny and greatness: the final emancipation from servitude to Christian morality.
Attempts are already well underway in the West to marginalise and limit the participation of Christians in the public square through the enactment of legislation that requires Christians to violate their consciences. In the US we have seen the calculated move by the Obama Administration to force particularly Catholic institutions to offer healthcare packages that pay for contraception and abortifacients. So too, State and Commonwealth governments are beginning to introduce laws which are directly aimed at restricting the freedom of Christian organisations. More recently the Victorian government has sought to change adoption laws to include same-sex couples without offering an exemption to Christian agencies. The choice is simply comply or get out of adoption work.
The 2013 (mis-named) Reproductive Health Act, not only legalised abortion in Tasmania but introduced a 150m exclusion zone around abortion clinics to prevent any form of what is referred to as “prohibited behaviour”, essentially what amounts to any form of counselling or protest. It is interesting to note that historically pro-life groups in Tasmania have not undertaken such actions outside abortion clinics. In other words, there was no need for such exclusion zones. The government simply wanted to make a point. Of course, in doing so the Act attacked two of the most fundamental human rights, the right to freedom of assembly and the right to freedom of speech. The exclusion zone provision established a restriction on any form of public expression which in some way expresses disapproval of abortion outside an abortion clinic. In addition this Act requires doctors who have a conscientious objection to abortion to provide women seeking abortions “with a list of prescribed health services from which the woman may seek advice, information or counselling on the full range of pregnancy services”. In other words, they have to refer her to services which offer abortion, violating their consciences.
Governments hostile to Christianity are more emboldened than ever to pass legislation which they know is incompatible with Christian beliefs and practices. One would expect this to escalate in the years ahead. We are confronted with a new era of legal persecution of Christians by the State. Along with this more recent direct attack on Christians we have witnessed the slower and longer term effort to overthrow the Christian moral framework which has informed Western societies over the last millennium.
A period of intense social change
Why has this occurred?
In the Western world we are witnessing the final phase of the victory of secular liberalism as the new cultural theology. This secular liberalism has its origins in the Enlightenment. It has become a key influence in the transformation of Western society. In more recent times its principal vehicle has been the social movement referred to as the sexual revolution. This atheistic humanism is based on a false theological anthropology. It views the human person as most fully human when separated from God. On this understanding the human person is held to be the final authority not only of morality but of existence itself.
The US Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy embodied this understanding when he claimed in the 1992 ruling of Planned Parenthood versus Casey that “At the heart of liberty is the right to define one's own concept of existence, of meaning, of the universe, and of the mystery of human life…”.
Yet the Church maintains paradoxically: “The truth is that only in the mystery of the incarnate Word does the mystery of man take on light”. (See Gaudium et spes #22) Humanity is only fully revealed to itself in the person of Jesus Christ. The human cannot be fully grasped only in terms of the human, rather it requires the Divine. To understand the human we can only look beyond the human to what is permanent and lasting, the truth, which for us is Jesus Christ. It in only in this truth that man is revealed to himself.
Over the last fifty years in particular we have witnessed the rise of atheistic humanism in attempts, mostly successful, to redefine the dominant societal understanding of human sexuality, marriage and family. In a relatively short period of time we have witnessed an extraordinary shift in attitudes around human sexuality, which has resulted legislative reform to enshrine the new social mores.
Arguably, the critical moment centred on the widespread acceptance of contraception. This fundamentally separated the procreative and unitive dimensions of human sexual relations. By providing the ability for couples to intentionally remove the generative dimension from the sexual expression of their love they allowed for the widespread acceptability of sex as an end in itself. Cohabiting couples, or in particular single women, could now engage in sexual intimacy without the worry of unwed pregnancy and the social stigma it attracted. The wholesale availability of contraceptives, especially the Pill, led to a change in societal attitudes towards sex.
Pope Paul VI in his 1968 encyclical, Humanae Vitae, saw that once there was a means to separate the act of sexual intercourse from its life-giving dimension there would be a radical increase in promiscuity which he prophetically saw would result in the devaluing or sexual objectification of women.
Western society has witnessed a dramatic change in its attitudes towards sexuality. We have seen the moral acceptability of same-sex sexual relationships. Once laws prohibiting same-sex sexual expression were repealed, the "homosexual" lobby went on the offensive pushing for the legal equality of same-sex relationships with marriage and more recently legal redefinition of marriage to include same-sex relationships.
In all this there was one voice that consistently challenged these changes in society's attitudes, it was the Christian church. Those who advocate sexual liberation in all its forms knew that there is one key focus of resistance. They knew that they had to nullify the influence of the Churches in the legislature and in public debate.
It was interesting to note that when Katy Faust was on Q&A, Tony Jones kept persisting with the question: "are you a Christian?" The implication was obvious, that if she was a Christian then her personal experience could be discounted. These days it is a liability to be a recognised Christian in public debate. A Christian is considered to be biased, bigoted and judgemental. Any Christian who expressed their views on matters of sexuality, marriage and family is considered to be guilty of "hate speech".
Of course, one reason why Christians have always fallen foul of totalitarian regimes is that their ultimate allegiance is to a higher power, the Truth itself who is God. This was a problem for the Romans who required citizens to worship the emperor. It was a problem for the USSR because believers would not give their ultimate allegiance to atheistic materialism. History has shown that Christians are the subject of persecution because, despite their willingness to be good citizens, they will always see themselves are pilgrims on this earth and know that their homeland is in heaven.
In an address to the Cardinal electors following the death of Pope John Paul II, the then Cardinal Ratzinger, used a term which aptly captures what is occurring in Western societies. He spoke of the "Dictatorship of Relativism". This phrase expresses something very important about the rise of relativism. Contrary to its own sloganeering that it is all about tolerance and diversity, relativism necessarily imposes its own controversial anthropology and morality.
It claims the right to be the only way of seeing reality. Any other view cannot be tolerated. It argues that the public square should be only open to thought and argument stripped of any reliance on religious belief or presupposition. It sees religion as a private matter which should not influence public debate. However, it is itself a "religion", if by religion we mean a worldview with an accompanying set of moral beliefs. Secular liberalism is a way of understanding human existence and it affirms certain moral positions. It is not a neutral position and a value free zone.
The charge is often levelled at Christians that they are seeking to impose their morality on society. However, secular liberals are the ones imposing their views of human existence and their morality on others. Pope John Paul II answered this charge very well when he said that the Church seeks not to impose but rather to propose its views to society.
Secular liberalism seeks to eliminate any consideration of the Divine from human society. It proposes a freedom in matters sexual which is in fact simply licence to do whatever one wants. Pope John Paul II accurately spoke of the eclipse of God resulting in the eclipse of man. When God is removed from human life, humanity loses sight of itself, it cannot make sense of itself. Humanity enters a darkness. The light is taken away. What is lauded as a new freedom becomes a path to unhappiness and the breakdown of the quality of human life.
Benedict XVI speaks of this as a “kind of amnesia which… is nonetheless a denial of the treasure of our faith, a denial that could lead to the loss of our deepest identity”. Cultural forgetfulness is one of the great problems of our time. We forget that our society only exists as it does because of its Christian inheritance.
Without this we cannot but return to the pagan dictum of power as the ultimate authority in human matters. If there is no objective truth, no Divine which transcends the human, then the final authority in human existence can only be the Nietzschean will to power, where the only absolute is the rule of the stronger will.
We are faced with a stark choice, the way of Christianity (which aspires to goodness, truth and beauty) or the way of nihilistic atheism where there is only the rule of the stronger. As Pope Benedict noted: “A freedom which is hostile or indifferent to God becomes self-negating and does not guarantee full respect for others”.
Freedom of Religion
Christianity is the true champion of human freedom. The idea of religious freedom itself is a fruit of the Christian view of life. Human freedom is of fundamental importance to the Christian. For at the very heart of God’s nature is love which is only possible with freedom. Authentic love cannot be forced, it can only be the free intentional action of the individual.
Related to this is Christianity’s elevation of human nature to be a reflection of the divine. For human beings are only able to love God because they have first been made in the image and likeness of the Divine. Fundamental to Christianity is the view that every human being has an essential dignity flowing from this this creation in the Imago Dei.
A religious view of reality should be given respect in the public square. Public debate is best served by a vigorous honest interchange between rival positions, in the search for wisdom and truth. It is important that public debate is conducted in a robust but fair exchange. This brings us to the related point of referring to Christians as bigots simply for expressing their belief on a matter that concerns human sexuality or marriage. The use of inflammatory rhetoric, which in fact bears no relationship to the facts, can only signal a degrading of social debate. Reason is replaced by emotion.
Currently the public debate on the question of the definition of marriage is more subject to vehement emotional reactions, rather than rational argument. This needs to change as we approach the plebiscite.
Christianity has offered and will continue to offer real social benefits in society. In the past Christianity was recognised and valued because it contributed to the social wellbeing. It fostered higher moral standards through the promotion of a commitment to the life of virtue and self-sacrifice.
In the early settlement of Australia, for instance, there was a strong view that chaplains should be appointed to work with convicts as it was recognised that such men could assist in the reformation of convicts. That is why the English government was willing to pay even Catholic priests to act as chaplains in Van Diemen’s Land. Religion was seen as beneficial to the social order. Without the call of religious belief to more noble virtues, society is forced to rely upon law and regulation to achieve the just ordering of society. Christianity has made a great contribution to the social stability of Western societies.
What can be done?
We are entering a new era for the Christian church in Australian society. It will mean that we must position ourselves differently than we have in the past when our presence was respected and our faith and works encouraged.
Now is the time, more than ever for Christian men and women to stand up and oppose this attempt to silence the Christian voice in our society and in particular in the political realm. It will be important to challenge the media to give fair exposure to a Christian perspective on social issues.
Secondly, it is important that Christians do not feel cowered and powerless. Australia remains a majority Christian country, yet our voice has largely been silenced. It is important that Christians become active in politics in whatever way their time talents and energy allow. The Australian Christian lobby has provided an important witness as to how Christians can be engaged politically and I thank them for their leadership in this area.
Of course, we should not be under any illusion that such involvement in politics is not an easy task. Yet the Christian life is not an easy life. As Christ taught, his way, the Christian way, is the narrow way that demands giving all of ourselves not just that part which is convenient and easy.
We need to continue to engage in the public debate and seek the opportunities to present our understanding on key issues. We should expect to have the right to be heard.
We should not underestimate the importance of the power of prayer. Our approach to political matters must never simply be a matter of seeking worldly power and success. It must never be about using any means necessary to achieve our goal. Prayer must be our primary weapon, for we can achieve nothing through our efforts alone, but all things are possible with God. We must ensure that we continue the custom of praying for our political leaders. This will need to be done with greater earnestness.
I believe that increasingly what will have the most impact will be our Christian witness, particularly the witness of our Christian marriages and families. They will shine like bright stars as St Paul says in Phil 2:15. We must encourage our fellow Christians to live lives of Christian excellence. In this we will need to strengthen the life of our Christian communities so that the members of our communities are more able to live the Christian life as different from the patterns of life becoming more common in our society.
It will be especially important to teach our children the beauty of God's plan for sexuality. We can offer to them a positive and life affirming vision for sexuality, marriage and family. We also need to find ways to present a positive and inspiring message on this subject.
There is no doubt that Australian society is moving in a particular direction. The forces at work have been growing in strength and we will not be able to turn the tide in the short term. However, truth will have a way of coming to the fore, and freedom will not be trampled down for long. We should hold on to a belief that eventually things will change. Patterns of behaviour that are currently being promoted will be proven to be damaging. The bad fruits will become evident.
We are entering a new phase of Christian life. We will have to learn to live under various forms of persecution, but we will live as a people of hope. We will live as a people who know that God has been victorious in Jesus Christ. We will be purified and hopefully strengthened through this process. We will be readied to once again go forth with a message of truth, goodness and beauty which will triumph over the darkness that has descended on our beloved nation.
Archbishop Julian Porteous
Tuesday, 17 November 2015